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The society was created in 1988 for the purpose of making astronomy fun.


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The Basics of Heart Screening: What You Need to Know

According to the Ministry of Health in 2016, about 16 people die from cardiovascular diseases such as stroke and heart diseases in Singapore every day. It is one of the growing common causes of death in the city state. As a matter of fact, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) accounted for roughly 29.5% of deaths in 2016.

The alarming numbers urge every citizen to consult their cardiologist every once in a while. Getting an annual heart screening can potentially save your life. It is a non-invasive and comprehensive process that can identify one’s risk of developing a heart disease. Ideally, it is better to diagnose the risks before the disease grows serious, causing irreversible damage or even death.

What is Heart Screening?
Hopefully, you won’t need the help of a heart surgeon if you take matters into your own hands immediately. Undergoing a heart screening offers the standard GP tests, with a unique state-of-the-art technology to gauge one’s heart health. It also generally incorporates about 9 heart tests in a single consultation. The process combines traditional CVD tests with Pulse Wave Analysis (PWA); a powerful tool to determine one’s risks of developing a cardiovascular disease.

Even the best cardiologist in Singapore would encourage people to get their hearts screened at least once a year. Regardless of whether you’re living a clean and healthy lifestyle or not, there might be risks you possess which remain unknown unless you take a screening. The non-invasive process is nothing to be afraid of. It usually spans for about 45 minutes to put you in control of your heart health.

After the whole screening process, your heart doctor will compile and interpret the results before constructing a comprehensive heart health report. You can expect for the results to be given out within five days. Included in the report are recommendations which can likely minimize your likelihood of getting a stroke or a coronary heart disease— if addressed.

How does it help you?
Getting a heart screening by a cardiologist gives you a first-line defense in possible early detection of any cardiovascular disease. Contrastingly, standard tests only rely on the existence of advanced diseases such as severe artery blockages to discern and assess existing heart problems. With the advanced assessment with a harley cardiology surgeon in Singapore of a proper heart screening, you can detect early signs of deterioration in the veins and arteries.

Regardless of whether you’re at low or high risk, a screening of your cardiovascular well-being is essential to let you be aware of the information required to ensure a healthy, cardiovascular condition in the long run.

How does it work?
Your heart doctor will generally spearhead the process of a heart screening. Advanced technology will be used to obtain a clear visual picture of your heart and arteries. The test itself is non-invasive (so it does not necessarily require the presence of a heart surgeon), pain-free, and also performed when the patient is at rest.

Conventional investigations are still done – such as blood pressure, Electrocardiogram (ECG), body mass index (BMI), and cholesterol count. Furthermore, it also has additional tests which can protect you from the risks of having an advanced form of heart disease, like the Ankle Brachial Pressure Index (ABPI) and Pulse Wave Analysis (PWA).

The Ankle Brachial Pressure Index indicates the presence of vein blockages or any arterial narrowing in the legs. The Pulse Wave Analysis, on the other hand, detects early signs of deterioration in the arteries. The analysis also includes an assessment of your aorta’s condition, which the biggest artery in the body. The occurrence of increased stiffness in this artery can be a major cause of massive heart strain as well as a full-blown stroke. This is common in people which has high risks of developing a heart disease.

Are you at risk?
People who smoke, have high blood pressure, or are overweight are likely candidates for having cardiovascular problems. However, there are still victims of heart disease who do not possess particularly abnormal risk factors. This means, just about anyone can still be at risk.

Any cardiologist would know that there isn’t a single factor to pin as the main cause of having a CVD. Instead, the diagnosis of CVD resulted from several minor factors which had a synergistic influence on each other when combined. Several people in Singapore have fallen victims of heart disease without really showing any notable, abnormal risk factors.

Factors which can impact your overall cardiovascular condition
Regardless, there are certain factors which can render you vulnerable to develop a cardiovascular disease. Some of these factors become more dangerous if they exist particularly in combination. If you possess any (or several) of these factors, your need to undergo a heart screening is heightened:

• High blood pressure
• Diabetes
• Smoking
• Obesity
• Kidney diseases
• High cholesterol
• Inactivity
• Family history of CVD/stroke
• Advancing age
• Psychosocial factors (depression, stress, loneliness)

Keep in mind that this list is compiled in no particular order. But if you have any or a number of these factors, you can count on a heart screening to assess the impact of these factors on your general cardiovascular health.

An early detection can prevent or even reverse an arterial deterioration, or significantly reduce the likelihood of having a heart attack or stroke. Although these factors are notable red flags to your cardiovascular condition, there are still people who are diagnosed with CVD who do not possess any abnormal risk factors. This makes just about anyone vulnerable to become a victim of heart disease.

To sum it up, an early detection may just save your life. Do not wait until it’s too late. Visit your cardiologist and get your heart screened.

This list is compiled in no particular order.

Tips to Get Rid of Locksmith Scammers

There are a lot of situations where people will need the services of a locksmith, most commonly when we have accidentally locked ourselves out of our cars or homes. However, the Better Business Bureau (BBB) reports that there has been a growing trend of scams in recent years, particularly regarding locksmiths or people pretending to be locksmiths. So before you fall into the tricks of the scammers, here are some tips and techniques that you could use to detect that if the person you’re dealing with is a scam artist.

1. Don’t hire some random locksmith. Finding a licensed and reputable professional locksmith is one of the best ways to avoid getting scammed. Do not engage just any locksmith that you found online right away, especially if the person hasn’t been referred to you by a former client that you know personally. Contact your local BBB in Singapore or visit their website to verify the company that you’re planning to engage, and see if there are any complaints regarding their services.

2. Bring a witness with you. If you got locked out of your vehicle or your house, ask a relative, a friend or a trustworthy neighbor or person who’s nearby to keep you company as your locksmith work on the locks of your home or vehicle. Just make sure that the person that you’re bringing with you isn’t affiliated with the Singapore unlock door and key maker that you hired.

3. Have the locksmith verify the company’s information. When the locksmith you hired arrives in the location, check if he arrives in a clearly marked company vehicle. The van should have the proper identification of the company such as its phone number and business name. If your locksmith is quite hesitant in giving you the company information that you’re asking for, then it’s time that you start looking for another locksmith company such as http://www.lockmaster.sg/ in Singapore.

4. Your locksmith should ask for your identification as he arrives. This is one of the things that professional and reputable locksmiths do. In return, you should also ask for his credentials. This includes their company ID, state license (if applicable), business card, and driver’s license. It’s better if your locksmith Singapore was able to give you information on all of these. List down the information that you got on your phone or on a piece of paper because phony locksmiths are more likely to leave you behind when they feel that you’re planning to report them.

5. Verify their work estimate. Before the locksmith starts to work on with your security problems, he should be able to provide you with a work estimate wherein everything is clearly itemized in an invoice after completion. If you’re uncomfortable with the estimate he provided, then don’t hesitate to refuse taking his services. Don’t use the services that they’re offering, instead locate a reputable and better locksmith to do the job for you.

6. If you’re uncomfortable with your locksmith, don’t work with him. Being comfortable and fully trusting your locksmith is important, so if you’re uncomfortable with the one that you hired, then trust your gut feeling and decline his services. It is better that you do this earlier than regret your decisions later on.

7. Never apprehend the scam artist. This is one of the important things that you should keep in mind when you feel like you’re dealing with a scam artist – never, ever try to capture or detain them on your own. Be observant instead, and report them. Most importantly, if you already feel unsafe, immediately contact your local Singapore police and get to a safer place straightaway.

Keep these tips in mind, especially if you often encounter security-related problems. Hire a locksmith who’s known for the excellent services that he provides. Yes, it might be costly, but it’s better to spend extra bucks since it’s your security that we’re talking about.

Everything You Need to Know About Toilets

Before the existence of plumbing and toilets, people often disposed of their bodily waste anywhere downstream or covered it in dirt. However, this comes at the expense of quickly spreading water-borne diseases, which has been one of the biggest health problems of all time.

These days, the existence of sewage and plumbing systems are an important part of every building and is included in every building code all over the world, especially in Singapore. Most homes, offices, or buildings will often have this system installed.

The toilet is perhaps one of the most important items in any home or office building. In Singapore, certain policies are enacted to make sure they remove and transport waste to the nearest waste treatment plant in the most efficient and environmentally-safe way possible.

How Toilets Work

A pipe from the water supply extends into the tank, and its flow is controlled by a valve that automatically shuts it off once the water reaches a certain amount. By pulling a lever, another valve is partially opened that empties the water stored in the tank into the bowl, which carries over the waste down the S-shaped pipe and into the sewer system.

The S-shaped pipe underneath is called the “S-trap”, which is designed and placed in that specific area beneath the toilet bowl to trap the bad-smelling air and keep it from rising to the top of the bowl.

Parts of the Toilet

Before calling a plumber or a professional plumbing services in Singapore to fix toilet bowl choke or any toilet issue, you must first know the parts that make up your toilet. Here they are for your consideration:

• Bowl, seat and tank – These are the main parts of the toilet, with the bowl taking up the base of the toilet’s size. The seat is comprised of the bowl, the pedestal attached to it, and the cisterns and pipes that drain from the bowl into the sewer system.

The tank is where the water is temporarily stored before it is drained into the bowl.

• Wax ring – Even though you don’t see this part of your toilet often (or at all, in some cases), this part is extremely crucial – this seal prevents drain water from leaking and sewer gases from escaping into your home.

• Water supply line – The water supply line is directly connected to your main water supply, and is the pipe that connects to your fill valve to bring water to your unit’s tank.

• Valves – There are two types of valves you will find in your toilet – the fill valve and the flush valve – and they are responsible for bringing and moving the water in and out of your toilet bowl.

The fill valve is what brings water to the tank after the level is pulled, which is regulated using a float adjustment screw. These types of valves either comes as fill cups or ballcocks, and both work essentially by shutting off the valve flow once the water lifts the valve arm to a certain height.

Meanwhile, flush valves are what release the water held in the tank and into the bowl. When the handle is pulled to flush, the valve is lifted by a chain, which empties the water into the bowl.

• Flappers – Also called the flush valve seal, flappers are one of the biggest causes of why people often go into the hardware store or hire the services of a plumber.

Types of Toilets

The standard toilet that you see in most offices, homes, and buildings has a tank and a bowl. However, there are more different types of toilets than you believe exist, such as the following for your consideration:

1. Wall-Hung – Toilets that are elevated without the need for a pedestal can be installed at any height. Because their frames are quite sturdy, they can easily support a significant amount of weight and force without buckling or falling off the wall.

2. Close Coupled – Close-coupled toilets are a type of toilet where the cistern and the pan are connected as one unit. Most modern toilets fall under this category.

3. Back-to-Wall – Similar to wall-hung toilets, back-to-wall units are not reliant on a pedestal. However, back-to-wall toilets are directly fixed on the floor, with the pipes and cistern concealed beneath the wall.

On Toilet and Plumbing Repair

Most standard toilets are actually quite easy to fix, and won’t need you to call a plumber in many situations where your toilet isn’t working. In fact, the biggest problem you may encounter with your toilet is when it clogs, and there are many ways to remove the debris obstructing the pipes.

You can even avoid clogging the pipes to make sure it works as smoothly as possible for a long time. As long as you don’t flush things down the bowl that you’re not supposed to (e.g. anything that doesn’t dissolve in water or is too large to fit in the pipes), your toilet should be fine.

However, there are also problems that can arise with your plumbing works that you need to call a reliable plumber or plumbing services agency. In some instances, you might even need to call a 24 hours plumber services to get your plumbing works repaired.

Be sure to ask a professional plumbing contractor or plumbing services agency in Singapore to install your toilet based on the specific requirements that will make the most of your bathroom space.

A Guide to Designing a More Effective Brand Logo

The ease of trademark registration allows countless products and services to become more available to the market, but at the same time makes it harder to distinguish your own from others.

In the world of marketing, much of what makes the brand is the emotional aspect (how the brand makes you feel) just as the physical one (what it looks like). After all, your brand is considered your intellectual property.

Having a registered mark on your intellectual property allows you to own and use it completely. However, to protect your brand, you need a good name and a logo that you can register trademark for.

What’s in a Logo?
The logo is the graphical representation of your brand. This is what consumers see when they buy a product or service. Before advertising solely with a symbol, a lot of advertising must be done to make the product familiar with your consumers and clients.

Singapore trade name filing can be relatively easy, but constantly changing your logo can be tiring to you and equally confusing to customers. To make things easier for you, follow this guide in how to make your customized logo design.  

Logos typically consist of two elements: the word and the symbol. Depending on the type of brand that you want your consumers or clients to see, you can either go with the wordmark or the symbol itself.

For some companies with unique names, such as IBM, Google, or Apple, this may be the case. However, companies or brands with generic names will need the symbol to complement it and make them stand out.

The Principles of Design
The principles of design are a guideline that designers use in order to bring the elements of a design together, producing an eye-catching logo. The principles of good design are as follows:

Balance – Balance refers to the distribution of the visual weight in your design, as well as texture and space. There are two types of balance often utilized in design: symmetrical balance, where the elements on one side of the design are similar to the ones on the other side, and asymmetrical balance, where the elements on each side are different but still retain the appearance of balance.

Proportion – This refers to the size of the different elements in the design in relation to one another, whether how big or small they are.

Rhythm – This is created when elements of design are repeated to give the appearance of motion, which makes variety essential in this aspect.

Emphasis – This is usually achieved through contrast, be it in colors (black vs. white) or in terms of space (positive vs. negative), that allows the key elements of the design to be highlighted.

Unity – When all the elements of the design work together, it gives the observer a sense of completeness.

Understanding the Color Scheme 
Color is one of the main aspects of your design. Each one has its own different implication, such as the following:

Red – energetic, bold, passionate
Yellow – sunny, optimistic
Blue – tranquil, trustworthy, professional
Orange – creative, friendly
Green – organic
Purple – evocative, wisdom
White – simplicity, purity
Brown – rural, historical
Black – credibility, power
Before applying to register trademark for your brand, be sure to keep these in mind when designing the logo. This is to keep your potential consumers and clients from getting the wrong idea.

More Helpful Advice in Logo Design
Using the principles of design goes a long way into making a design you can proudly register trademark for. With that said, here are some things you should consider in your design before applying to register TM:

Keep it simple. The best names for designs are often the shortest ones.
 
Utilize negative space. Sometimes, the best way to highlight the aspects of your logo and make it eye-catching is by utilizing negative space. For instance, the negative spaces at the periphery are used to highlight the designs at the center, and vice versa.

Know what your logo means. Before you release your logo, you must first know what it means yourself. Every good logo has a story behind it, both obvious and hidden.

Have samples ready. When brainstorming a design, have samples ready that you can choose from. This way, you have more options that you can mix and match.

Hiring a Graphic Designer
Brainstorming ideas by yourself or with your team may be important, but when you’re applying for trademark registration in Singapore, you may want to hire a professional design firm to make your logo for you.

The cost of having a professional design your logo for you can be expensive and can set your business back by a significant amount, which can be difficult for you as a starting entrepreneur trying to grow your business amidst a very competitive market in Singapore.

However, having your logo made by a professional or a professional firm can be safer when you’re trying to market your brand to a larger audience, as they have the experience and skill set needed in making a good design. There are also many independent graphic designers that are willing to work for a lesser rate.

When hiring a graphic designer, be sure to communicate your ideas as clearly as possible. Your designer will need to know exactly what you want your brand to communicate to your audience as well as what your brand is selling in order to come up with an effective logo.

10 Flower Mistakes Your Wedding Florist Wants You to Know

Creating mood boards and looking for inspirations for your bridal bouquet is fun, but getting down to business and coordinating the right colors and types of floral is another hurdle to get over with. How will you know which flowers are in season on this particular time of the year and how will you be able to maximize your budget? That is where the expertise of a wedding florist comes in.

Here, we will talk about 10 of the most common mistakes couples in Singapore make when it comes to planning for their wedding florals. These are the things your florist would want you to know before meeting with them.

1. Being unclear or dishonest of your likes and budget

After you have chosen your florist to design and arrange your wedding flowers, including the wedding car decor, it is important to work with them in an open and honest manner. Express your (realistic) expectations, your likes and dislikes and most importantly your budget. This way your florist will understand your choices and help you achieve the floral decor you want according to your requirements.

2. Trying to replicate inspirations

It’s common to see brides nowadays carrying photos, whether from a bridal magazine or Pinterest, and showing them to their florist like to replicate. Sorry to break your heart, but it’s almost impossible to recreate an exact image, no matter how skilled a florist is. Instead of insisting on replicating a certain design, trust mood fleur bridal flowers from Singapore. She can do so much better in tying together the look, feel and color scheme of your wedding floral decor.

3. Sticking only to certain colors

One of the most common mistakes bride tend to make is not considering other flower types and color palettes. Oftentimes, brides come up to their florists with color palettes and florals in mind. Any professional wedding florist would love to work with couples who can be flexible with their color and flower choices as it is easier to come up with designs that will complement their wedding theme and venue.

4. Assuming they need flowers in every corner of the venue

Some couples assume that they need to have floral arrangement on every reception table and in every corner of the wedding venue. They fail to realize that the venue gets filled up with guests, leaving some areas of the place unseen and unappreciated. To avoid unnecessary expenses on floral decor, spend your budget on a few statement pieces, and use candles and other less-expensive decor accessories in non-key areas of the venue.

5. Going for strongly scented flowers

Strongly scented floral centrepieces add to the romantic feel of the occasion, but it can be hard on your guests with allergies. For bridesmaid bouquets and table centrepieces, keep your flower selections unscented. If you must use aromatic flowers, save it for exterior arrangements, such for those outside the church and the wedding car decor. If you’re not allergic to scented blooms, you can use some on your bridal bouquet as well.

6. Ignoring the venue when choosing flowers

After signing the contract for the venue, couples usually start planning for their wedding flowers without considering the place’s existing look—or they just continue planning for the floral decor based on their gathered ideas prior to choosing a venue. Some major decor elements you should consider when planning for the wedding flowers are the venue’s overall color and style, as well as the linens and chairs. That way, your arrangements from https://www.moodfleur.com/ in Singapore will look cohesive with your venue.

7. Forgetting about timelines

An experience florist would want to know the timelines of the wedding. What time will the photographers arrive? This allows your florist to arrive on time with your floral arrangements and, so you will have your bridal bouquet and your groom will have his buttonholes for all those beautiful wedding preparation photos. Also, your florist would want to know how long the event would be to make sure the flowers stay fresh all throughout your wedding.

8. Being too ‘westernly’ with flower choices

American blogs often mention using in-season blooms to reduce wedding flower expenses, but sadly it doesn’t apply to couples here in Singapore. Since most of the flowers here are imported, it is the perennially available blooms that are more affordable—as opposed to in-season flowers from US, Australia, Holland, etc. Some of the perennial flowers in Singapore include mokara, dendrobium and chrysanthemums.

9. Ruling out expensive blooms

Do not be scared if your wedding florist suggests a few imported and pricey flowers. Yes, tulips and peonies can be a bit expensive, but they also cover up more space and create greater impact. For example, a bridal bouquet of colourful tulips creates more impact than a bouquet of red roses. If you’re really in a tight budget, discuss with your florist first how you can make the most bang for your buck.

10. Being too conventional

There’s nothing wrong with being a traditional bride, but don not limit yourself when it comes to planning your wedding flowers. Adding a unique and personal touch, like your mom’s veil or a rosary, to your bridal bouquet adds interest and meaning to ordinary flowers.

At the end of the day, your wedding florist only wants to make your wedding the grandest day you have ever dreamed of. By keeping these points in mind, you will have smoother sailing to planning your wedding.

This list is compiled in no particular order.

  

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